Saeculum Undergraduate Academic Journal

Saeculum Undergraduate Academic Journal is a peer-reviewed, student-run journal for the Christianity and Culture programme at the University of St. Michael’s College at the University of Toronto.  Saeculum publishes twice annually, on topics relating to Christianity and Culture, including, but not limited to:  Christianity and Society; Christianity and the Intellectual Tradition; Christianity, Arts and Letters; and Christianity and Science.  The journal is run by students in the Christianity and Culture program, though we welcome students from other disciplines to both submit and become part of the editorial team.

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Dutch artist Pieter Bruegel the Elder’s painting titled The Fight Between Carnival and Lent is featured on the cover page of this issue. Renowned for his genre paintings, Bruegel, in this particular piece, illustrates the tensions present in village life through the ritual practices of the villagers. Specifically, this piece features the transitional period between Ordinary Time, and Lent, known as Carnival. The fight that is mentioned in the title of the painting is portrayed through the man on a beer barrel and Lady Lent on the cart. Personifying Carnival, the man is plump and surrounded by others who carry food and drink, while Lent takes the form of a pale slim woman seated on a cart with a scant amount of food for her followers. Bruegel’s 1599 piece is often considered a satirical take on the conflicts of the Protestant Reformation, since many protestant groups abandoned the Lenten observance, choosing instead to celebrate festively up until Easter.

Ann Mathew, Editor


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Vol 13, No 1 (2018): Christian Visions of Social Unrest

This theme for this issue is “Christian Visions of Social Unrest,” and features five articles that engage with the idea of Social Unrest in the Christian experience from several vantage points.

Table of Contents


Ann Matthew


Emma Kennedy Graham

Gershon & Roza Lewkowicz Prize

Alessandra Cicci


Angelo Serrentino
Andrew Morton
Mackenzie Gilmore
Andrea Carandang